District-specific Literacy Rates, 2001: Preliminary Analysis

 

ARUN C MEHTA

NIEPA, 17-B, Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi 110017 (INDIA)

acmehta100@hotmail.com

 

        Dantewada district (30.01%) of Chattisgarh has the lowest literacy rate while Aizawl district (96.6%) of Mizoram has the highest literacy rate in 2001

        About 81 districts have literacy rate lower than 50 per cent

        About 297 districts have lower literacy rates than the national average of 65.38 per cent

        23 districts in Bihar, 8 in Jharkhand, 7 in Orissa, 18 in Uttar Pradesh etc. have lower than 50 per cent literacy rates

        More than 59 districts have above 80 per cent literacy rates, most of the districts of Kerala and Mizoram have above 80 per cent literacy rates

        23 of the 37 districts of Bihar have below 50 per cent literacy rates

        Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh together have 57 districts that have lower than 50 per cent literacy rate of the total 81 such districts

        Kishanganj (18.49%) district of Bihar has the lowest female literacy rate while Aizawl (96.06%) district of Mizoram has the highest female literacy rate in the country

        Both the male and female literacy rates in Aizawl district of Mizoram are the highest in the country

        In about 253 districts, the female literacy rates are lower than 50 per cent

        313 districts have lower female literacy rates than the national average of 54.16 per cent

        Some of the states which have a number of districts below 50 per cent female literacy rates are: Andhra Pradesh (14), Arunachal (10), Bihar (36), Gujarat (7), J & K (11), Jharkhand (15), Karnataka (7), Madhya Pradesh (24), Rajasthan (25), Orissa (15), Uttar Pradesh (53)

        While in Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan, only 3 districts have lower than 50 per cent literacy (Total) rate but the same in case of female literacy rate is 24 (Madhya Pradesh) and 25 (Rajasthan) districts

        Dantewada district (39.59%) of Chattisgarh has the lowest male literacy rate and Mahe district of Pondicherry, the highest male literacy rate (97.59%)

        Only 20 districts have male literacy rates lower than 50 per cent

        32 districts have more than 90 per cent male literacy rate and 227 districts above 80 per cent

        323 districts have male literacy rates above the national average of 75.84 per cent

        Jaintia hills districts of Meghalaya is the only district in the country which has higher female literacy rate (55.54%) than male literacy rate (50.52%)

        In about 11 districts, male/female differential in literacy rate is lower than 5 percentage points, most of which are the districts from Kerala and Mizoram

        The highest male/female differential in literacy rate is noticed in Sawai Madhopur district (41.31%) of Rajasthan

        In about 100 districts, the male/female differential in literacy rate is above 30 percentage points as against 222 districts having more than 25 percentage points differential

        310 districts have higher differential in male/female literacy rate than at the national level (22%)

        546 of the total 593 districts of the country have male/female differential above 10 percentage points

        Murshidabad district of West Bengal has the highest number of illiterates (21.74 lakh, 7 & above) population

        Mahe district of Pondicherry has the lowest number of illiterates, it has only 363 male and 1025 female illiterates

        67 districts have more than 10 lakh illiterates of 7 and above population

        Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal together have 202 of the total 593 districts of the country. These states together have more than 129 million illiterates of the total 301 million illiterates in the country

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