HDI, 2008/09

India
HDI Rank : 134

Human Development Report 2009

 

 

A. Human movement: snapshots and trends
International migrant stocks (thousands), 1960
9,410.5  
International migrant stocks (thousands), 1990
7,493.2  
International migrant stocks (thousands), 2005
5,886.9  
International migrant stocks (thousands), 2010
5,436.0  
Annual rate of growth in international migrant stocks (%), 1960-2005
- 1.0  
International migrants as a percentage of total population, 1960
2.1  
International migrants as a percentage of total population, 2005
0.5  
Female share of international migrant stocks (%), 1960
46.0  
Female share of international migrant stocks (%), 2005
48.6  
Emigration rate (%), 2000-2002
0.8  
International movement rate (%), 2000-2002
1.4  
Internal migrant stocks (thousands), 1990-2005
42,300 1
Life time internal migration rate (%), 1990-2005
4.1 1
B. International emigrants by area of residence
Proportion of international migrant stocks residing in Africa (%), 2000-2002
1.7  
Proportion of international migrant stocks residing in Asia (%), 2000-2002
72.0  
Proportion of international migrant stocks residing in Europe (%), 2000-2002
9.7  
Proportion of international migrant stocks residing in Latin America and the Caribbean (%), 2000-2002
0.2  
Proportion of international migrant stocks residing in Northern America (%), 2000-2002
15.0  
Proportion of international migrant stocks residing in Oceania (%), 2000-2002
1.3  
Proportion of international migrant stocks residing in countries with very high levels of human development (%), 2000-2002
47.9  
Proportion of international migrant stocks residing in countries with high levels of human development (%), 2000-2002
20.4  
Proportion of international migrant stocks residing in countries with medium levels of human development (%), 2000-2002
30.7  
Proportion of international migrant stocks residing in countries with low levels of human development (%), 2000-2002
1.0  
Countries' shares of total stock of migrants in Africa (%), 2000-2002
0.97  
Countries' shares of total stock of migrants in Asia (%), 2000-2002
13.18  
Countries' shares of total stock of migrants in Europe (%), 2000-2002
1.49  
Countries' shares of total stock of migrants in Latin America and the Caribbean (%), 2000-2002
0.35  
Countries' shares of total stock of migrants in Northern America (%), 2000-2002
3.37  
Countries' shares of total stock of migrants in Oceania (%), 2000-2002
2.41  
C. Education and employment of international migrants in OECD countries (aged 15 years and above)
Stock of international migrants aged 15 years and above in OECD countries (thousands), 2000-2005
1,952.0  
Percentage of international migrants aged 15 years and above in OECD countries with less than upper secondary education, 2000-2005
25.5  
Percentage of international migrants aged 15 years and above in OECD countries with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education, 2000-2005
19.5  
Percentage of international migrants aged 15 years and above in OECD countries with tertiary education, 2000-2005
51.2  
Tertiary emigration rate to OECD countries (%), 2000-2005
3.5  
Labour force participation rate of international migrants in OECD countries (%), 2000-2005
66.6  
Unemployment rate of international migrants in OECD countries (%), 2000-2005
5.9  
Unemployment rate of international migrants in OECD countries with less than upper secondary education (%), 2000-2005
9.8  
Unemployment rate of international migrants in OECD countries with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education (%), 2000-2005
7.0  
Unemployment rate of international migrants in OECD countries with tertiary education (%), 2000-2005
4.3  
D. Conflict and insecurity induced movement
Refugees by country of origin (thousands), 2007
20.5  
Refugees by country of origin as a percentage of international emigrants, 2007
0.2  
Refugees by country of origin as a percentage of world refugees, 2007
0.1  
People in refugee-like situations by country of origin (thousands), 2007
(.)  
Asylum seekers by country of origin (thousands), 2007
7.1  
Internally displaced people (thousands), 2008
500 2
Refugees by country of asylum (thousands), 2007
161.5  
Refugees by country of asylum as a percentage of international immigrants, 2007
2.7  
Refugees by country of asylum as a percentage of world refugees, 2007
1.1  
People in refugee-like situations by country of asylum (thousands), 2007
0  
Asylum seekers by country of asylum (thousands), 2007
2.4  
E. International financial flows: remittances, official development assistance and foreign direct investment
Remittance inflows (US$ millions), 2007
35,262  
Remittance outflows (US$ millions), 2007
1,580  
Remittance outflows per international migrant (US$), 2007
277  
ODA per capita (US$), 2007
1  
Remittance inflows per capita (US$), 2007
30  
Remittance inflows as a % of ODA, 2007
2,716.2  
Remittance inflows as a % of GDP, 2007
3.1  
Ratio of remittance inflows to FDI, 2007
1.5  
Percentage of remittance inflows by continent of origin - Africa
0.3  
Percentage of remittance inflows by continent of origin - Asia
58.2  
Percentage of remittance inflows by continent of origin - Europe
12.8  
Percentage of remittance inflows by continent of origin - Latin America and the Caribbean
(.)  
Percentage of remittance inflows by continent of origin - Northern America
26.9  
Percentage of remittance inflows by continent of origin - Oceania
1.8  
F. Selected conventions related to human rights and migration (by year of ratification)
Year of ratification of the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families , 2009
..  
Year of ratification of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, 2009
2002 3
Year of ratification of the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, 2009
..  
Year of ratification of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, 2009
1968  
Year of ratification of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 2009
1979  
Year of ratification of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 2009
1979  
Year of ratification of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, 2009
1993  
Year of ratification of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 2009
1997 3
Year of ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, 2009
1992  
G. Human development index trends
Human development index trends, 1980
0.427  
Human development index trends, 1985
0.453  
Human development index trends, 1990
0.489  
Human development index trends, 1995
0.511  
Human development index trends, 2000
0.556  
Human development index trends, 2005
0.596  
Human development index trends, 2006
0.604  
Human development index trends, 2007
0.612  
Revised HDI rank, 2006
134  
Real change in ranks, 2006-2007
0  
Long-term annual growth rate in HDI (%), 1980-2007
1.33  
Medium-term annual growth rate in HDI (%), 1990-2007
1.32  
Short-term annual growth rate in HDI (%), 2000-2007
1.36  
H. Human development index 2007 and its components
Human development index value, 2007
0.612  
Life expectancy at birth (years), 2007
63.4  
Adult literacy rate (% aged 15 and above), 2007
66.0 4
Combined gross enrolment ratio in education (%), 2007
61.0 5
GDP per capita (PPP US$), 2007
2,753  
Life expectancy index, 2007
0.639  
Education index, 2007
0.643  
GDP index, 2007
0.553  
GDP per capita (PPP US$) rank minus HDI rank, 2007
- 6  
I-1. Human and income poverty
Human poverty index (HPI-1) rank, 2007
88  
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) value (%), 2007
28.0  
Probability at birth of not surviving to age 40 (% of cohort), 2005-2010
15.5  
Adult illiteracy rate (% aged 15 and above), 1999-2007
34.0 6
Population not using an improved water source (%), 2006
11  
Children underweight for age (% under age 5), 2000-2006
46  
Population living below $1.25 a day (%), 2000-2007
41.6 7
Population living below $2 a day (%), 2000-2007
75.6 7
Population living below the national poverty line (%), 2000-2006
28.6  
HPI-1 rank minus income poverty rank
- 10  
I-2. Human and income poverty: OECD countries
Human poverty index (HPI-2) rank
..  
Human poverty index (HPI-2) value (%)
..  
Probability at birth of not surviving to age 60 (% of cohort), 2005-2010
29.6  
People lacking functional literacy skills (% aged 16-65), 1994-2003
..  
Long-term unemployment rate (% of labour force), 2007
..  
Population living below 50% of median income (%), 2000-2005
..  
HPI-2 rank minus income poverty rank
..  
J. Gender-related development index and its components
GDI rank, 2007
114  
GDI value, 2007
0.594  
GDI value as a percentage of HDI value, 2007
97.1  
Female life expectancy at birth (years), 2007
64.9  
Male life expectancy at birth (years), 2007
62.0  
Female adult literacy rate (% aged 15 and above), 1997-2007
54.5  
Male adult literacy rate (% aged 15 and above), 1997-2007
76.9  
Female combined gross enrolment ratio (%), 2007
57.4 8
Male combined gross enrolment ratio (%), 2007
64.3 8
Female estimated earned income (PPP US$), 2007
1,304 9
Male estimated earned income (PPP US$), 2007
4,102 9
HDI rank minus GDI rank, 2007
0  
K. Gender empowerment measure and its components
Gender empowerment measure (GEM) rank, 2007
..  
Gender empowerment measure (GEM) value, 2006
..  
Seats in parliament (% held by women), 2008
9 10
Legislators, senior officials and managers (% female), 1999-2007
..  
Professional and technical workers (% female), 1999-2007
..  
Earned income (estimated), ratio of female to male , 2007
0.32  
Year women received the right to vote
1935, 1950  
Year women received the right to stand for election
1935, 1950  
Year in which a woman became Speaker or Presiding Officer of parliament or of one of its houses for the first time, as of 2009
2009  
Women in ministerial positions (% of positions), 2008
10  
L. Demographic trends
Total population (millions), 1990
862.2  
Total population (millions), 2007
1,164.7  
Total population (millions), 2020
1,367.2  
Annual rate of natural increase of the population (%), 1990-1995
2.0  
Annual rate of natural increase of the population (%), 2005-2010
1.4  
Net international migration rate (%), 1990-1995
(.)  
Net international migration rate (%), 2005-2010
(.)  
Urban share of the population (%), 1990
25.5  
Urban share of the population (%), 1990
30.1  
Child dependency ratio, 1990
64.9  
Child dependency ratio, 2010
47.9  
Old age dependency ratio, 1990
6.6  
Old age dependency ratio, 2010
7.7  
Total fertility rate (births per woman), 1990-1995
3.9  
Total fertility rate (births per woman), 2005-2010
2.8  
M. Economy and inequality
Total GDP (US$ billions), 2007
1,176.9  
Total GDP (PPP US$ billions), 2007
3,096.9  
GDP per capita (US$), 2007
1,046  
Annual growth rate of GDP per capita (%), 1990-2007
4.5  
GDP per capita (PPP US$), year of highest value, 1980-2007
2,753  
GDP per capita (PPP US$), year of highest value
2007  
Average annual change in consumer price index (%), 1990-2007
6.8  
Average annual change in consumer price index (%), 2006-2007
6.4  
Income/expenditure share of the richest 10% of the population (%), 1992-2007
3.6 11
Income/expenditure share of the richest 10% of the population (%), 1992-2007
31.1 11
Ratio of the richest 10% to the poorest 10%, 1992-2007
8.6  
Gini index, 1992-2007
36.8  
N. Health and education
Government expenditure on health per capita (PPP US$), 2006
21  
Government expenditure on health as a percentage of total government expenditure
3.4  
Public current expenditure on primary education per pupil (PPP US$)
..  
Public expenditure on education as a percentage of total government expenditure, 2000-2007
10.7  
Percentage of total aid allocated to social sectors (gross disbursements), 2007
46.6  
Percentage of adults with low educational attainment levels (% aged 25 and above)
..  
Percentage of adults with medium educational attainment levels (% aged 25 and above)
..  
Percentage of adults with high educational attainment levels (% aged 25 and above)
..  
Under 5 mortality rate in the highest quintile of wealth (per 1,000 live births)
101  
Under 5 mortality rate in the highest quintile of wealth (per 1,000 live births)
34  
Under 5 mortality rate for children of mothers with at least secondary education (per 1,000 live births)
..  
Under 5 mortality rate for children of mothers with at least secondary education (per 1,000 live births)
..  
Healthy life expectancy at birth (years), 2007
57  
Unhealthy life expectancy (%), 2007
10  

Notes:
 
1 - Data are estimates based on censuses from Bell and Muhidin (2009). "Cross-National Comparisons of Internal Migration." Human Development Research Paper No. 30. New York: United Nations Development Programme, Human Development Report Office. Internal migrants are expressed as a percentage of the total population.
2 - Figures are suspected to be underestimate.
3 - Signed not yet followed by ratification
4 - UNESCO Institute for Statistics estimates based on its Global Age-specific Literacy Projections model, April 2009.
5 - Data refer to a year other than that specified.
6 - UNESCO Institute for Statistics estimates based on its Global Age-specific Literacy Projections model, April 2009.
7 - Estimates are weighted averages of urban and rural values.
8 - Data refer to an earlier year than that specified.
9 - No wage data are available. For the purposes of calculating the estimated female and male earned income, a value of 0.75 was used for the ratio of the female nonagricultural wage to the male nonagricultural wage.
10 - Countries with established quota systems for women. Quota systems aim at ensuring that women constitute at least a 'critical minority' of 30 or 40 percent. Today women constitute 16 percent of the members of parliaments around the world.
11 - Data refer to expenditure shares by percentiles of the population, ranked by per capita expenditure.

Symbols :
 
.. Data not available
(.) Greater (or less) than zero but small enough to be rounded off to zero at the displayed number of decimal points
< Less than
- Not applicable
T Total

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